IVF baby v/s test tube baby- This confusion has prevailed for a long -time in the country. What they do not know is that a test tube baby is the baby that is conceived by fusing the egg and sperm artificially in a glass container and the in-vitro in IVF means the same too.
This procedure is usually opted when either of the one from a couple or an individual is infertile. Infertility is when a couple or an individual fails to get pregnant after a year of trying to conceive naturally.
In the year 1978, the first human baby was born through in-vitro fertilization. Since then, there has been a massive advancement in the medical sector that has enabled us to address other problems related to infertility as well.
WHAT EXACTLY IS A TEST TUBE BABY?
In simple terms, a baby that is born through an embryo that is fertilized outside the body in a culture dish by combining the egg with the sperm is known as a test tube baby. Then what is the source of this confusion?
These terms have been interchangeably used amongst the masses but have also successfully confused a big chunk of the population. The only difference in the use of terms is that the local population is more privy to use the term test-tube baby instead of IVF while the doctors prefer the usage of the term IVF more.
THE TEST TUBE BABY/ IVF PROCESS:
It is a well known fact that IVF is a lengthy process. It might take some time to complete the entire procedure and for it to become successful in the first try as well. The first step of the process is a detailed check-up for each of the partners to identify the source of their infection. If the source of infertility is treatable, the problem can be solved through medications or surgery and IVF can be continued further. After all the legal formalities are completed, the IVF procedure is carried on further. There are multiple steps performed in the IVF procedure.
FIVE PRIMARY STEPS OF IVF:
After the ovarian reserve of the woman is checked properly, the ovaries are stimulated to produce more eggs. This is because in the IVF procedure, multiple eggs are required to ensure a successful fertilization and implantation. The patient is administered fertility drugs for the same.
RETRIEVAL OF THE EGG:
This is a very crucial part of the process since this is when the eggs will be removed from the woman’s ovaries through suction. Anesthesia is administered and the needle is inserted through the vagina and the eggs are retrieved. Women can carry on with their daily activities but they must make sure that no strenuous activity is carried out. Rest and light work must be done in equal amounts. After the IVF procedure is completed, you can go back home after the doctors at the IVF center give a green signal.
This is where the real meaning of the test tube baby/ IVF lies. The eggs are collected in a petri plate and the semen sample collected from the man is mixed with the eggs. The sperms must fertilize the eggs overnight. Once fertilized, the zygote (cell formed after fertilization of egg and sperm) are placed in an incubator to allow the cells to divide and reach a particular cell stage. Before the implantation is done, it is advisable to wait for 3-5 days so that the cells divide perfectly upto a certain cell number.
To form an embryo, it is necessary to check if the cells of the egg are dividing correctly or not. This is because by the time the embryo reaches the uterus for implantation, it must be of several cell numbers. The embryos after diving upto certain cell numbers are taken up for genetic testing to ensure that there are no genetic disorders passed onto developing child. Although these instances are very rare to encounter.
THE EMBRYO TRANSFER:
After the embryo has successfully divided and reached a perfect cell-stage, it is ready for transfer. It generally gets ready within 3-5 days of fertilization. It is transferred through the catheter (Catheters are short hollow tubes that are inserted into the body). A guide catheter is used for the transfer in IVF. The rounded tip of the catheter makes it simpler to pass through the cervix. Once the embryo is released, the process from there on progresses like a normal pregnancy. It takes around 6-10 days. There are more than one embryos usually released for an IVF cycle to be successful since this increases the frequency of getting pregnant. After the ovarian reserve of the woman is checked properly, the ovaries are stimulated to produce more eggs.
This is because in the IVF procedure, multiple eggs are required to ensure a successful fertilization and implantation. The patient is administered fertility drugs for the same.
TEST TUBE BABIES ARE ABSOLUTELY SAFE AND HEALTHY:
It is a common myth amongst the people to think that the babies that are born with the aid of IVF are less healthy than the normal ones. That is untrue. Most of the babies born through IVF are as healthy as a baby conceived naturally. Risks are inevitable. They can be encountered by any mother and child. Which is why timely consultation with your doctor is a must!
THE IVF VS TEST TUBE BABY MUDDLE:
The entire debate about IVF vs test tube baby is fortunately reducing day by day. With the correct terms used and promoted by doctors and various brands, the local people everywhere around the world are starting to get a sense of both the terminologies. The best way to put an end to this confusion is to educate the ones who are ignorant of the terms and ask them to promote the correct terms further.
At KJIVF’s IVF center in Delhi, we ensure that the baby and the mother are in good hands. We have always tried to educate people on the correct notions of IVF and its related facts. With our dedicated efforts, we aim to educate everyone and close this gap of confusion.