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Common IVF Procedures: Retrieval, Fertilization, and Embryo Transfer Explained

IVF is no less than a marvel of medical science that helps individuals or couples struggling with infertility to conceive a child. The process isn’t just about making babies in a test tube; it’s about making dreams come true. Imagine the joy of holding your newborn child, the overwhelming love that fills your heart and the realization that science has made all this possible. Yes, that’s what IVF Centres in India help you with. The process also empowers individuals to decide when and how they want to start a family. Whether it’s freezing eggs for future use, or selecting embryos free of genetic disorder, IVF puts the power of choice in the hands of those seeking to expand their families. Want to know more about what are the common procedures associated with IVF? Read on to find out.


The first step in IVF is administering medications to encourage the growth of multiple eggs within the ovaries. Once the eggs reach optimal maturity, they get ready for retrieval. Then, a doctor performs transvaginal ultrasound-guided follicle aspiration under sedation, and this is a minimally invasive procedure. Here, a thin needle is inserted into each follicle, and the eggs are gently suctioned out. Typically, it takes about 30 minutes, and most patients easily go through it all without any pain. After retrieval, the eggs are placed in a specialized culture medium and are tentatively transferred to the lab for fertilization.


In the controlled environment of the laboratory, the retrieved eggs are fertilized with sperm through two primary methods conventional insemination or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). While conventional insemination involves combining the eggs and sperm in a dish, so fertilization can occur naturally, in ICSI, a single sperm is directly injected into a mature egg to facilitate fertilization. After fertilization, the embryos are closely monitored as they progress through critical developmental stages, and they are evaluated for quality, based on criteria such as symmetry, cell number and fragmentation.

Embryo Transfer

This is a delicate procedure, and embryo transfer marks the final stage of IVF. This process is performed 3 to 5 days after fertilization, and here one or more embryos are placed into the uterus. The embryos are considered viable and selected based on their quality and developmental stage. Specialists use a thin, flexible catheter to gently introduce the embryos into the uterus under ultrasound, and the number of embryos transferred depends on different factors, including the patient’s age, medical history, and embryo quality, to maximize the chances of successful implantation while minimizing the risk of multiple pregnancies.

The Bottom Line

Undoubtedly, IVF Specialists in India can change your life by helping you with different assisted reproductive techniques. However, at its core, IVF is an intricate procedure, and the success rates also vary depending on individual medical histories and their current condition. Many couples face challenges ranging from inaccurate diagnosis, and suboptimal treatment plans to complications during procedures and limited access to advanced techniques, when they choose to get treated in mediocre clinics. However, you don’t need to commit the same mistake. Looking for a state-of-the-art IVF Centre in India? Schedule a consultation with the team at KJIVF today! Our advanced IVF techniques include ICSO, PESA/TESA. PICSI, egg/sperm donation programs, blastocyst culture, vitrification, and more. Besides, our clinic is known for its expertise and cost-effective prices. Need more information? Contact Us right away!